Divorce and Pension Sharing Advice Cambridge
Pensions alongside our home are usually the most value assets to get divided when getting divorced.
Advice on Pension Sharing during Divorce - Cambridge
Our pensions and the matrimonial home are usually the most valuable assets to get divided when getting divorced. However, pensions are usually the least understood of the matrimonial assets.
Bluntly, therefore, this means there is a real risk of misunderstanding the nature of the pension benefits or omitting significantly valuable pension assets from the matrimonial pool when reaching a financial settlement.
The Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 introduced pension sharing for petitions issued after 1 December 2000. However, the factors relating to pensions can be very complex, especially if the parties have a combination of final salary and money purchase schemes.
Your pension should be included in your financial settlement if you divorce or dissolve your civil partnership. Even when you agree on a settlement, it should be confirmed through a Court Order. If you’re not married, or in a civil partnership, your pension can’t be shared if you separate.
Always get legal advice about your pension if you’re divorcing or dissolving your civil partnership. Particularly if you’re remarrying and haven’t previously agreed on a financial settlement.
How Courts deal with pensions
When a marriage or civil partnership ends, the Courts deal with the pension arrangements in one of three ways.
1. You’re given a percentage share of your former partner’s pension pot
This is known as pension sharing. The money that you get from the pension pot of your former spouse or civil partner is then legally treated as your money. Pension sharing is designed to provide a clean financial break for the divorcing parties. The parties (or the Court) will decide what aim is to be achieved by pension sharing. For example, a desired outcome may be to equalise pension income on retirement or to equalise the capital value of each party’s pension entitlement. You will also need to decide whether it is appropriate to take into account the whole of the pensions, or just that part built-up between two specific dates.
2. The value of a pension is offset against other assets
This is known as pension offsetting. Offsetting is where an amount of money is calculated, which would be paid out of non-pension assets from one party to the other, that is equivalent to the relevant Pension Shares that would otherwise have been chosen. For example: you keep your pension and your former spouse or civil partner keeps the home.
3. Some of your pension is paid to your former partner
This is known as pension attachment (previously called 'earmarking'). Attachment Orders are a direction by the Court to the trustees of a pension scheme to pay part or all of the member's pension benefits to the ex-spouse on retirement or death. This is like a deferred maintenance payment and would cease if the ex-spouse were to remarry. Also, the Order does not transfer ownership or control of the pension benefits to the ex-spouse and their rights may be affected by decisions taken by the scheme member, for example the timing of their retirement.
There is a risk that settlements can be reached without understanding the full range of options and the same applies to the formal dissolution of a civil partnership. Therefore, couples going through divorce should make sure they understand the options, including the advantages and disadvantages of each, before deciding on how to divide pension assets. Ideally, this should happen before any negotiation towards a settlement even takes place not after an Order has been issued by the Court.