Tax relief at your highest marginal rate is available on all personal contributions and company contributions do not attract income tax or national insurance, unlike other benefits. Further, company contributions are treated as a business expense and, therefore, offset against profits when calculating the company’s liability to corporation tax.
Contributions of up to £40,000 per annum can be paid in to a pension on behalf of the directors and provided the current financial year’s allowance is fully used and the director was a member of a registered pension scheme during that time, it is possible to go back three years and “carry forward” unused allowances which means a lot more than £40,000 could be paid in for a director’s benefit.
Put aside the word “pension” for a moment and think of it like this – a pension is a way of extracting business profits tax-efficiently for the benefit of a director or business owner to help fund their retirement. Yes, you can’t spend that money now but it will grow free from most taxation and when you retire it will provide a tax-free lump sum and an income for life thereafter.
Since the new pensions freedoms were introduced in April 2015 the tax rules were changed to give people greater access to their pensions. Drawdown of pension income is taxed at marginal income tax rates rather than the previous rate of 55% for full withdrawals.
The tax-free lump sum continues to be available. There are six options available including, leaving the pension pot untouched, purchasing an annuity, getting an adjustable income (Flexi Access Drawdown), taking cash in chunks (Uncrystallised Funds Pension Lump Sum), cashing in the whole pot in one go and mixing any of the options.
However, taking professional financial advice is essential to avoid unwelcome tax charges arises as in the case of cashing in your pension pot, anything above the 25% tax free allowance could be taxed at your highest marginal rate.